Where the jobs are coming from

8.Where the jobs are coming from

Garry Shilson Josling

Sydney

(Australian Associated Press)

The number of people with a job rose by about a quarter of a million over the past year. So where did the jobs come from?

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has updated its estimates of employment broken down by industry, first released last week but now re-issued with corrections for biases caused by changed surveying methods.

And they show employment rose by 253,800 over the year to August.

That’s a bit more than the 235,000 indicated by the high-profile jobs figures released nearly two weeks ago, but there’s always a difference and it’s not big enough to worry about.

The figures show employment in one industry – professional, scientific and technical services – accounted for 39 per cent of the rise in employment over the year, with a rise of 100,000, despite employing only eight per cent of the workers as the year began.

That industrial division includes scientific research, legal and accounting services, advertising, management consulting and architecture and engineering, although the bureau doesn’t provide enough detail to show exactly where the jobs are being generated.

But with NSW boasting half the nation’s jobs growth over the year, it’s reasonable to suppose it has something to do with the state’s booming housing market.

In any case, it wasn’t the only industry punching above its weight.

Healthcare and social assistance, making up only 12 per cent of the workforce, added 87,600 workers, contributing 34 per cent of the increase.

And accommodation and food services, despite the penalty wage rates supposed to be hobbling the industry, added 39,000 workers.

That rise, 4.9 per cent, was well over twice the national growth rate, and made up 15 per cent of the rise in employment even though the industry employs only seven per cent of Australia’s workers.

And some big names are well down the list, notably mining, manufacturing, finance and insurance, and retail trade, together making up nearly quarter of the national workforce but each employing fewer workers than they did a year ago.

WHERE THE JOBS CAME FROM

AUGUST EMPLOYMENT LEVELS AND ANNUAL CHANGES (THOUSANDS)

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services: 1,034 (+100)

Health Care and Social Assistance: 1,468 (+88)

Accommodation and Food Services: 832 (+39)

Administrative and Support Services: 413 (+24)

Education and Training: 930 (+21)

Arts and Recreation Services: 232 (+20)

Transport, Postal and Warehousing: 614 (+19)

Public Administration and Safety: 742 (+10)

Construction: 1,050 (+9)

Wholesale Trade: 393 (+3)

Other Services: 485 (+2)

Manufacturing: 918 (-1)

Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services: 138 (-2)

Information Media and Telecommunications: 201 (-6)

Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services: 213 (-13)

Mining: 231 (-14)

Financial and Insurance Services 390 (-18)

Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing: 302 (-19)

Retail Trade: 1,213 (-21)

TOTAL: 11,791 (+256)

Source: ABS (seasonally adjusted data)

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